Museums and Heritage

The National Museum of Afghanistan, also known as the Afghan National Museum or sometimes the Kabul Museum, is a two-story building located 9 km southwest of the center of Kabul City in Afghanistan.

Tajbeg Palace or Tapa-e-Tajbeg is a palace built in the 1920s and located about 10 miles outside the centre of Kabul, Afghanistan. The stately mansion sits atop a knoll among foothills where the Afghan royal family once hunted and picnicked. It should not be confused with Darul Aman Palace, which is about 1.3 kilometres (0.81 mi) northeast from Tajbeg.

The OMAR Mine Museum contains a collection of 51 types of land mines out of the 53 used in Afghanistan over the years. OMAR is an acronym for the Organization for Mine Clearance and Afghan Rehabilitation. The museum also displays a variety of other military hardware from wars fought in Afghanistan over the recent decades, including artillery, surface-to-air missiles, and a collection of Soviet military aircraft.

Shah-Do Shamshira Mosque is a yellow two-story mosque in Kabul, just off the Kabul River in the center of the city. It was built during the reign of Amanullah Khan. The mosque is located next to the tomb of a Mughal general, Chin Timur Khan, who was also the cousin of the central Asian conqueror Babur. Chin Timur helped conquer much of India and is famous for the Battle of Khanwa, in which he took a leading role.

Darul Aman Palace is a ruined palace located about sixteen kilometers outside of the center of Kabul, Afghanistan. Darul Aman Palace was built in the early 1920s as a part of the endeavours of King Amanullah Khan to modernize Afghanistan. It was to be part of the new capital city that the king intended to build, connected to Kabul by a narrow gauge railway. The palace is an imposing neoclassical building on a hilltop overlooking a flat, dusty valley in the western part of the Afghan capital.

The cemetery was built in 1879 to hold the dead of the second Anglo-Afghan War. Also known as the White Cemetery or the British Cemetery, the graveyard was originally a burial site for soldiers killed in Britain’s ill-fated colonial adventures in Afghanistan: the Anglo-Afghan wars of the 19th century. About 150 remains are buried here, some beneath gravestones that are cracked, chipped or no longer legible. Officially the garden is now known as the Christian cemetery and contains explorers, diplomats, adventurers, merchants and aid workers from across the world.

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